Quick Learn – What PowerShell Modules does the RSAT Provide (on Windows 8.1)

I built a new Windows 8.1 machine recently, and as we all know, doing that requires new software installations. In my case, that included the RSAT. The RSAT, or Remote Server Administration Tools, allow IT admins the ability to remotely manage features on Windows Server operating systems from a client operating system—here’s a link to the RSAT for Windows 8.1.

Prior to running the RSAT installer, I wanted to collect the currently available Windows PowerShell modules that I already had on my computer. This would allow me to know exactly what modules were added after the RSAT installer finished. The command below collects all the modules, returns only their name, and then drops that into a file on my computer. We’ll use the file in a moment, as part of a comparison.

PS C:\> Get-Module -ListAvailable | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Name | Out-File C:\Users\tommymaynard\Pre-RSAT-PowerShell-Modules.txt

I verified the file contained the module names by using the Get-Content cmdlet. In addition, I ran a slightly modified command to get the item count in the file—both can be seen below. The output created by the first command has been truncated to save space.

PS C:\> Get-Content C:\Users\tommymaynard\Pre-RSAT-PowerShell-Modules.txt
AppBackgroundTask
AppLocker
Appx
AssignedAccess
...
PS C:\> (Get-Content C:\Users\tommymaynard\Pre-RSAT-PowerShell-Modules.txt).Count
57

Once this file was in placed, and I was satisfied that it contained what I wanted, I went ahead with the RSAT install. Upon completion, I reran the Get-Module command above, after modifying the name of the file it would create (pre vs. post). I then read in the contents of the new file (which has been truncated again), and checked the number of modules listed in the file. There were now 75 modules where there had only been 57 before the RSAT install.

PS C:\> Get-Module -ListAvailable | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Name | Out-File C:\Users\tommymaynard\Post-RSAT-PowerShell-Modules.txt
PS C:\> Get-Content C:\Users\tommymaynard\Post-RSAT-PowerShell-Modules.txt
ActiveDirectory
AppBackgroundTask
AppLocker
Appx
...
PS C:\> (Get-Content C:\Users\tommymaynard\Post-RSAT-PowerShell-Modules.txt).Count
75

Knowing that there’s 18 new modules is helpful, but which ones were added? The Compare-Object cmdlet can tell us. As seen below, we have the cmdlet read in the lines of each file and then determine which ones aren’t included in both files.

PS C:\> Compare-Object -ReferenceObject (Get-Content C:\Users\tommymaynard\Desktop\Pre-RSAT-PowerShell-Modules.txt) -DifferenceObject (Get-Content C:\Users\tommymaynard\Desktop\Post-RSAT-PowerShell-Modules.txt)

InputObject                                                 SideIndicator
-----------                                                 -------------
ActiveDirectory                                             =>
BestPractices                                               =>
ClusterAwareUpdating                                        =>
DFSN                                                        =>
DFSR                                                        =>
DhcpServer                                                  =>
DnsServer                                                   =>
FailoverClusters                                            =>
GroupPolicy                                                 =>
IpamServer                                                  =>
IscsiTarget                                                 =>
NetworkLoadBalancingClusters                                =>
NFS                                                         =>
RemoteAccess                                                =>
RemoteDesktop                                               =>
ServerManager                                               =>
ServerManagerTasks                                          =>
UpdateServices                                              =>

As we can see above, our Compare-Object results indicate that the difference object (the post file, or the file on the right) has new modules—now we know which ones were added since installing the RSAT.

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